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Archive for the ‘REDD+’ Category

Do you know what Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) is?

It is the principle that indigenous peoples and communities have the right to give or withhold their consent to activities that may affect them and their territory.

A REDD+ project must respect the indigenous peoples and the traditional communities not only for the protection of theirs rights but also for the assurance that they understand and agree with all aspects of projects affecting them.

This video, produced by Live & Learn Environmental Education, shows the importance of FPIC and presents REDD+ as a potential tool to conserve the forests and the environment.

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REDD+ is set out to create incentives for developing countries to protect the forest and by this to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. The plus sign represents conservation, sustainable management of forest and enhancement of carbon stocks.

This video is giving us an insight on how REDD+ is working and what the people of Indonesia must do to maintain the project alongside their way of life. The video also talks about climate change and deforestation and how working with REDD+ can help the rainforest from being wiped away.

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As previously published on our blog, the Brazilian Government must conclude a national Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) strategy this year. According to the latest updates about the topic on the Brazil’s Ministry for Environment (MMA) website, it is estimated that a nationwide REDD+ regulation will be finished by the end of November 2013, in time for the nineteenth United Nations Conference of the Parties (COP) on Climate Change, in Warsaw, Poland.

Francisco Oliveira, the MMA’s Head of Policies to Fight Deforestation, says that a REDD+ strategy for the country will be fundamental to future international negotiations. “This year we are going to make the difference and go to the next COP in a strong position”, he adds. For the moment, the Brazilian Government is focused on the completion of the legal procedures of this regulation, which will include a public consultation, before its official implementation.

As stated by the MMA, the main purpose of creating a Brazilian REDD+ mechanism is to encourage actions and projects that help preserve the Amazon Rainforest, as a means to curbing greenhouse gas emissions. Francisco Oliveira explains that it is necessary to ally expertise and monitoring with incentives to sustainable activities, such as REDD+ projects, in order to abate the deforestation of the Amazon forest and reduce the greenhouse gas effect.

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The thirteenth meeting of the forum happened at the beginning of this month in Manaus. Photo: SDS

The implementation of a State Policy for Environmental Services (PESA) in the Brazilian State of Amazonas is one of the top priorities of the Amazonian Forum on Climate Change (FAMC). The thirteenth meeting of the forum happened at the beginning of this month in Manaus, where members of the government, private sector and the civil society discussed the State’s 2013 agenda on climate change.

The forum debated the creation of a monitoring committee for transparency in the implementation of the PESA as well as the formation of a group to work on the State’s REDD+ regulation. According to the Secretary for Environment in the Amazonas State (SDS), it is important to include all the society members in this process, so that the future regulations are consistent with the needs of the local region.

At the moment, the bill that institutes the PESA is under debate in the State Civil House and, according to SDS, it still must be forwarded to the Legislative Assembly for voting at the beginning of this year. When implemented, this policy will establish a State regulatory framework on environmental services and will create a Climate and Carbon Regulation Program, which includes a specific subprogram on REDD+.

The Amazonian Forum on Climate Change was instituted in 2007 by the State Policy for Climate Change (PEMC), but was officially created in 2009. The main objective of this forum is to discuss the climate change issue and propose public policies on topics such as, the use of soil, forest and environmental services; energy; climate change adaptation and mitigation.

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This video, created by the UN-REDD Programme, presents REDD+ as a climate change mitigation mechanism. It also reflects the importance of putting together integrated efforts by countries, organisations and private sector to stop deforestation and forest degradation in order to ensure a better environment for future generations.

 

 

Let us know what you think of REDD+ projects as a forest conservation tool in the comments section below.

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Snap 2013-01-29 at 16.50.41

Back in the 1990’s, topics such as deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions and global warming started to be recurrent issues in the social discussion groups. As these subjects gained more visibility, civil society pressured global leaders and the members of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international environmental treaty, to take action against them.

As a result, in 1997, in the third COP, in Japan, the Kyoto Protocol on climate change was created. It set binding targets for 37 industrialised countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Kyoto mechanisms (emissions trading, clean development mechanism and joint implementation) aimed to help those countries reach their targets. However, the protocol did not include the discussion about carbon emission reductions from avoided deforestation and forest degradation.

As the negotiations on climate change continued, eight years later, in 2005, at the eleventh COP session, the item “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action” was introduced. Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica, members of the Coalition for Rainforest Nations, proposed the discussion of this issue as an important item to mitigate climate change. At that moment, the idea of Reducing Emissions from Avoided Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) first appeared.

During the following two years, different Parties and observers submitted proposals and recommendations on how to use REDD projects to the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA). Then, in 2007, at the thirteenth COP, an agreement was reached with the Bali Action Plan, whose action points included the importance of carbon reductions from forests, but left the decision on a REDD regulation for the next Conference of the Parties.

At the 2008 UNFCCC meeting, in Poznan, there were new topics on the REDD agenda,  including forest conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forests carbon stocks, in developing countries. The addition of these new areas to the previous negotiations introduced the concept of REDD-plus or simply REDD+.

In 2009, at the fifteenth session of the COP, the Copenhagen Accord recognised the contribution of REDD+ and its “crucial role” against climate change mitigation and the need to establish a framework for carbon emission reductions, which includes REDD+. From then on, REDD+ programs started to be used by the international community as a new alternative tool against climate change.

To obtain more information on REDD+, read the methodological guidance of use and the work programme on finance for the implementation of activities related to REDD, besides other documents, you can access the REDD+ Web Platform, created by UNFCCC. This web platform also hosts an interactive discussion forum, where countries, organisations and other stakeholders can share information, experiences and lessons learned related to REDD+ activities.

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The main objective of the inventory is to collect data and forest information to improve the understanding of the Brazilian forestry reality. Photo: CGV

 

A National Forest Inventory for the Amazon Biome in Brazil must be implemented and then concluded within 48 months, according to the Brazilian Ministry for the Environment. The main objective of the inventory is to collect data and forest information to improve the understanding of the Brazilian forestry reality, help formulate and implement public policies regarding the subject and integrate national efforts against deforestation. The inventory will assess the quality of forests as well as determine their biomass and carbon stocks.

According to Izabella Texeira, Brazil’s Minister for the Environment, the inventory will be carried out throughout the country, where data will be collected in 22 thousand sampling points, with 4 thousand from the Amazonian region. As part of the monitoring, the survey will enable them to locate points of previous deforestation, identify the current condition of these areas and dertermine what kind of vegetation was lost.

The inventory is an initiative of the Brazilian Ministry for the Environment, financed partially with funds donated by the Brazilian National Bank for Social and Economic Development (BNDES). The standard methodology adopted has been previously tested in the state of Santa Catarina and in the Federal District. Once it is implemented, the forest areas in the states of Rondônia, Mato Grosso and west of Pará will be the first surveyed.

The last time a forest inventory was conducted covering the whole country was in the second half of 1970, with results published in 1983.

Source: Brazilian Ministry for the Environment website

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