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Archive for the ‘REDD+ Education’ Category

Do you know what Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) is?

It is the principle that indigenous peoples and communities have the right to give or withhold their consent to activities that may affect them and their territory.

A REDD+ project must respect the indigenous peoples and the traditional communities not only for the protection of theirs rights but also for the assurance that they understand and agree with all aspects of projects affecting them.

This video, produced by Live & Learn Environmental Education, shows the importance of FPIC and presents REDD+ as a potential tool to conserve the forests and the environment.

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REDD+ is set out to create incentives for developing countries to protect the forest and by this to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. The plus sign represents conservation, sustainable management of forest and enhancement of carbon stocks.

This video is giving us an insight on how REDD+ is working and what the people of Indonesia must do to maintain the project alongside their way of life. The video also talks about climate change and deforestation and how working with REDD+ can help the rainforest from being wiped away.

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This video, created by the UN-REDD Programme, presents REDD+ as a climate change mitigation mechanism. It also reflects the importance of putting together integrated efforts by countries, organisations and private sector to stop deforestation and forest degradation in order to ensure a better environment for future generations.

 

 

Let us know what you think of REDD+ projects as a forest conservation tool in the comments section below.

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Back in the 1990’s, topics such as deforestation, greenhouse gas emissions and global warming started to be recurrent issues in the social discussion groups. As these subjects gained more visibility, civil society pressured global leaders and the members of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international environmental treaty, to take action against them.

As a result, in 1997, in the third COP, in Japan, the Kyoto Protocol on climate change was created. It set binding targets for 37 industrialised countries and the European community for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The Kyoto mechanisms (emissions trading, clean development mechanism and joint implementation) aimed to help those countries reach their targets. However, the protocol did not include the discussion about carbon emission reductions from avoided deforestation and forest degradation.

As the negotiations on climate change continued, eight years later, in 2005, at the eleventh COP session, the item “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action” was introduced. Papua New Guinea and Costa Rica, members of the Coalition for Rainforest Nations, proposed the discussion of this issue as an important item to mitigate climate change. At that moment, the idea of Reducing Emissions from Avoided Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) first appeared.

During the following two years, different Parties and observers submitted proposals and recommendations on how to use REDD projects to the Subsidiary Body on Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA). Then, in 2007, at the thirteenth COP, an agreement was reached with the Bali Action Plan, whose action points included the importance of carbon reductions from forests, but left the decision on a REDD regulation for the next Conference of the Parties.

At the 2008 UNFCCC meeting, in Poznan, there were new topics on the REDD agenda,  including forest conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forests carbon stocks, in developing countries. The addition of these new areas to the previous negotiations introduced the concept of REDD-plus or simply REDD+.

In 2009, at the fifteenth session of the COP, the Copenhagen Accord recognised the contribution of REDD+ and its “crucial role” against climate change mitigation and the need to establish a framework for carbon emission reductions, which includes REDD+. From then on, REDD+ programs started to be used by the international community as a new alternative tool against climate change.

To obtain more information on REDD+, read the methodological guidance of use and the work programme on finance for the implementation of activities related to REDD, besides other documents, you can access the REDD+ Web Platform, created by UNFCCC. This web platform also hosts an interactive discussion forum, where countries, organisations and other stakeholders can share information, experiences and lessons learned related to REDD+ activities.

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The Carbon (C) element is considered to be one of the most important chemical components on Earth, since it is found in all living organisms and it is a key element of biological cycles and systems. The Carbon Cycle can be described in simple words as the movement of Carbon in different parts of the planet, such as the ocean, atmosphere, ecosystems and geosphere. These systems make constant carbon exchanges, which are part of the natural occurring flow of carbon around the Earth.

As part of this cycle, Carbon may be absorbed or undergo chemical reaction, producing carbon-based compounds. When exhaled by animals and plants, for instance, Carbon is deoxidised into Carbon Dioxide (CO2), but the latter is absorbed by plants during the photosynthesis process. Another example is the cold water of the oceans that tends to absorb CO2 more easily than the warm water. Processes that predominantly produce CO2 are called “sources”, whereas those natural reservoirs of CO2 that absorbs it are called “sinks”.

In the atmosphere, the Carbon element is present  predominantly as CO2, but also as other less abundant, but still climatically significant gases, such as Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). According to the Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) website, while CO2 accounts for only a very small percentage of the atmospheric gases (0.04%), it is important for the balance of the planet.

CO2 acts like a blanket in the atmosphere preventing the passage of heat, which, in other circumstances, would be released from the planet. In fact, this is a natural process and it is essential to keep a good CO2 balance of the planet. However, the increasingly amount of CO2 produced by human activities, such as the burning of fossil fuels and the changes in land-use, helps CO2 remain in the atmosphere for a long time and contribute to increasing the warming effect.

According to data from the ESRL, CO2 is the largest contributor to the global warming, accounting for 63% of the greenhouse gas effect.

Forests play an important role in the constantly evolving Carbon Cycle, and the REDD+ initiatives, which protect regions against deforestation, are positively contributing to the mitigation of global climate change, and providing us with much needed CO2 sinks.

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Trocano Araretama Conservation Project

Here is a collage of images from our Trocano Araretama Conservation Project and our Madeirinhas Conservation Project, in the Amazônia region of Brazil.

If you would like to see more pictures from these amazing regions, you can visit our project gallery @ http://www.celestialgreenventures.com/gallery or via our Flickr account @ http://www.flickr.com/photos/celestialgreenventures/

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This is our first educational Blog post, which includes a great short video introduction to REDD+, which was produced by the Global Canopy Programme, via their REDD Desk Platform. If you have ever wondered what the industry is all about, this is an excellent and easy place to start.

We will always be an advocate for private sector involvement in the fight against climate change, and especially in the development and on-going effort to ensure that REDD+ projects around the world are both successful and indeed sustainable in the long-term.

Having said that we also acknowledge that it will take the concerted efforts, knowledge and experience of all stakeholders, to not only align our collective objectives but to achieve the ambitious targets which we are setting for ourselves.

To learn about REDD+, CGV, our projects and the industry itself, you can follow our Blog for up to date content!

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